There is no mistaking the "Late 2013" Mac Pro models compared to the earlier ones as Apple described "radical" departure from the large, highly expandable tower case design of yore and instead feature a compact dark grey, glossy cylinder design that is approximately one eighth of the mass but has limited internal expansion.
Apple explains that these "Space Grey" cylinder Mac Pro models are "designed around an innovative unified thermal core" and have not only faster processors than earlier models but also dual workstation class graphics processors, faster memory, and faster PCIe 2.0 x4 flash storage. Instead of internal expansion, the system provides extensive high speed ports for external connectivity options.
The Mac Pro "Twelve Core" 2.7 (Late 2013) is a "configure-to-order" configuration of either the Mac Pro "Quad Core" 3.7 (Late 2013), Mac Pro "Six Core" 3.5 (Late 2013), or Mac Pro "Eight Core" 3.0 (Late 2013). However, note that the "Quad Core" model was discontinued and the "Eight Core" model only became a standard configuration possible to custom configure on April 4, 2017. Other than processor, this model can be identical to the stock models.
The Mac Pro "Twelve Core" 2.7 (Late 2013) is powered by a single 2.7 GHz Twelve Core 22-nm Xeon E5-2697v2 processor with a dedicated 256k of level 2 cache for each core and 30 MB of level 3 "Smart Cache." If otherwise equipped as the default models, this configuration has 12 GB or 16 GB of 1866 MHz DDR3 ECC SDRAM, a 256 GB SSD, and dual AMD FirePro D300, D500, or D700 graphics processors with 2 GB, 3 GB, or 6 GB of GDDR5 memory each, respectively.
Connectivity includes six Thunderbolt 2 ports, one HDMI 1.4 UltraHD port, 4 USB 3.0 ports, and Dual Gigabit Ethernet ports in addition to 802.11ac and Bluetooth 4.0.
Originally, this model reportedly supported as many as three 4K displays or six Thunderbolt displays. However, on June 16, 2015, without updating the graphics cards themselves, Apple quietly increased the official support to as many as three 5K displays (5120x2880) -- two using Thunderbolt 2 ports and one using the HDMI port. The support for as many as six 2560x1600 displays using all six Thunderbolt 2 ports remained unchanged.